Issue 02

Original Sin

by Benjamin Foxen

Original sin is that sin which can be traced back to our first human parents, Adam and Eve. It is that sin for which God holds the entire human race responsible. It is that sin which corrupts every human being, with the result that each of us is an enemy of God who wants always to disobey him. It is that sin for which Christ died so that mankind might be set free from sin forever.

Venial Sin

by Souksamay Phetsanghane

“Venial” is the classification given to all sins which are not mortal. In his discussion, the author points out that only believers can be said to have committed these sins, because every sin committed by an unbeliever leads to death. He also clearly states that a sin can only be termed “venial” for the sake of Christ, who has paid the penalty for all sin. Knowing that venial sins are forgiven does not give us license to continue in sin, but leads us to praise and thank our God for his infinite mercy.

Mortal Sin

by Nathaniel Biebert

The topic of this article is one often misunderstood by Christians. The author carefully lays out the details of this article of doctrine, defining it for believers and unbelievers. He warns us of the dangers of willful sinning and the unrepentant life, and points us in the end to the comfort of the gospel, which alone has the power to forgive us all our sins and move us to fight, not indulge, the devil with our will.

True Knowledge

by August Pieper
translated by Caleb Bassett

Professor August Pieper addresses the students at the beginning of a new school year to impress on them the folly of relying on worldly knowledge, which is full of human error. Instead, he encourages them to found their hopes on Christ, who has accomplished their salvation. To know him as Lord and Savior – that is true knowledge.

Sermon for the Reformation Festival

by Georg Stöckhardt
translated by Nathaniel Biebert

Stöckhardt takes his listeners back to the days of Luther and the selling of indulgences. He praises Luther for cleansing the church of this blasphemy, while condemning the pope for leading countless people to hell on a religion of money and works. Stöckhardt warns us against falling into the greed of the papists, which led them to reject salvation by grace, and he comforts us with the true indulgence – that for Christ’s sake we are freely forgiven.

Jakob Andreae

by Benjamin Foxen

During a time of religious flux after the death of Martin Luther, Jakob Andreae worked tirelessly to unite the various factions of Protestants under the banner of Lutheran orthodoxy. His work culminated as a participant in the formation of the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, which united Lutherans under a common confession.